Union cabinet has approved the establishment of 75 new medical colleges by 2020-21. Union Minister, Prakash Javadekar, declared that the new medical colleges would be set up in under-served regions with no medical college or the regions with at least 200 beds.
Javadekar stated, “Under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, we took several important decisions today. One of the decisions was to approve 75 new medical colleges. It will cost around Rs. 24,000 crores and create an additional 15 thousand new seats in MBBS”.
Earlier, the government had approved the establishment of 58 new medical colleges under Phase 1 and 24 colleges under Phase 2, in addition to the 75 under the Phase 3. 39 out of 58 medical colleges under Phase 1 have already started to function, and the remaining will be made functional by 2020-21. The inception of new medical colleges, under Phase 3 of an ongoing centrally sponsored scheme will add 15,700 MBBS seats.
The reason for the establishment of new medical colleges is the rapid population growth in the country. Hospitals are becoming overcrowded with patients and there is a lack of health care facilities for them. Furthermore, the health sectors are understaffed, especially in rural areas of the country.
Therefore, this is an effective attempt by the government to enhance the accessibility of qualified health professionals. It will also improve tertiary care in the government sector and exploit the infrastructure of district hospitals. It will further advocate affordable medical education in India.