The NMC Bill plans to establish National Medical Commission as the regulatory body, replacing the Medical Council of India. The NMC Bill seeks to nullify the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956. The new NMC Bill 2019 will bring various changes in India’s Medical System.
- IMC Act, 1956 had no provision for regulating medical college fees. With the new NMC Bill, 75% of the medical seats in the country would be accessible at reasonable fees.
- Section 15 (1) of the NMC Bill also introduces the National Exit Test (NEXT), a final year undergraduate examination. The test will be for all medical final year students to seek their practice license. NEXT will also become the entrance exam for admission to various postgraduate medical courses.
- Under the NMC Bill, 2019, MBBS graduated from US, UK, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia (who could practice the profession in India without giving any additional tests) would now be required to take the NEXT exam for attaining a practice license in India.
- The NMC Bill also introduces NEET as the one and only entrance examination for admission to all undergraduate medical courses in the country. Thus, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test will be the single exam for admission to all medical colleges including AIMMS and JIPMER.
In conclusion, there will be a NEET test for admission to undergraduate medical courses in all medical institutions in India. The Bill also introduces that National Licentiate examination be conducted for medical graduates to get the license to practice medicine.